Gnomon : 3000 BCE : Egypt

Inventions Search Results

Years : 4,000 BCE to 3,000 BCE

33 Items listed

Generated : 24th February 2024

[10,000 BCE to 4000 BCE][3000 BCE to 2000 BCE]


When
Invention
Place
Notes
4000 BCE Apple CultivationCentral Asia near Almaty, modern Kazakhstan
4000 BCE ArithmaticMesopotamia by the Sumerians
4000 BCE BridgesAfrica  
4000 BCE Cosmetics, FragrancesEgypt  
4000 BCE Domestication of HorseEurope modern Ukraine
4000 BCE Ox Drawn PloughMesopotamia improved agriculture
3650 BCE PopcornNorth America modern New Mexico
3500 BCE Corn, Beans, Squash CultivationCentral America  
3500 BCE Domestication of LlamaSouth America from Andes
3500 BCE Domestication of TurkeyCentral America  
3500 BCE Potato, Manioc CultivationSouth America from Andes, Amazon
3500 BCE Sail Powered BoatsEgypt used for transport on the Nile
3500 BCE The WheelSumeria in modern Iraq
3500 BCE Water ClockSumeria in modern Iraq
3500 BCE WoodworkingEgypt  
3300 BCE Use of SealsSumeria cylinder seals used on clay
3300 BCE WritingSumeria pictographs
3200 BCE Earth and Stone DamsMiddle East in present day Jordan
3200 BCE FootwearEurope deer hide, bear skin
3200 BCE SilkChina  
3100 BCE DrainageIndus Valley  
3000 BCE Brick BuildingsEgypt
Sumeria
 
3000 BCE ButtonIndus Valley re-invented in Germany, 1235
3000 BCE CandlesEgypt
Crete
 
3000 BCE Cotton CultivationSouth America
Central America
 
3000 BCE GlassMiddle East in modern Syria, Lebanon
3000 BCE Oil Palm, Yam CultivationAfrica in West Africa
3000 BCE Potters WheelMesopotamia  
3000 BCE Reed BoatsEgypt
Mesopotamia
 
3000 BCE Standard WeightsEgypt  
3000 BCE Sundial (Simple Gnomon)Egypt a gnomon is an vertical stick
3000 BCE Use of BronzeMesopotamia used in armour
3000 BCE Use of CocaSouth America leaves chewed as a narcotic

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[10,000 BCE to 4000 BCE][3000 BCE to 2000 BCE]


Key Moments

The wheel is one of the most important of human inventions. For thousands of years its use was confined to Eurasia and Africa. It allowed large scale movement of goods and material.

The measurement of time became important. The first sundials were vertical sticks. The Egyptians used these to divide the day into 12 hours for the daytime and 12 hours for the night. Because of the seasonal variation in daylength throughout the year, the length of the hours was variable. The Babylonians standardised the length of the hour to 1/24th of thre length of the Solar Day.

The invention of writing was another key moment. Information could be passed around without the need for it to be memorised. Knowledge could be passed between generations and peoples. Sumeria developed the cuniform script around 3300 BCE; China first used pictograms c3100 BCE; Egypt was using hieroglyphic notation around 3000 BCE.

Jade was being carved in China c3600 BCE. Yoga was being practiced in India c3000 BCE. Bitumin was used in the Middle East from surface deposits, c3000 BCE.

The area known as the Sahara began turning into desert c3500 BCE. The city of Memphis (near modern Cairo), capital of a united Egypt, was founded by Narmer around 3050 BCE. Chur, the oldest European town still inhabited, was settled in (modern) Switzerland in 3000 BCE. The town of Ohrid was settled in Macedonia c3000 BCE.

The Jewish calendar has its start point in 3761 BCE. The Mayan calendar dates from 3300 BCE.

Around 3000 BCE, there was an extensive use of copper in the Great Lakes region of North America. At the same time pottery was developed in the Americas.


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KryssTal Related Pages

The history of the development of writing.

These are more ancient words found in English from the Egyptian language of Pharoaic Egypt.

Some words found in English from the language of the Phoenicians.

From the language of ancient Crete.

Earliest king of a united Egypt (c 3050 BC).


[10,000 BCE to 4000 BCE][3000 BCE to 2000 BCE]

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